When I do count the clock that tells the time,

And see the brave day sunk in hideous night;

When I behold the violet past prime,

And sable curls all silver'd o'er with white;


When lofty trees I see barren of leaves

Which erst from heat did cannopy the herd,

And summer's green all girded up in sheaves

Borne on the bier with white and bristly beard.


Then of thy beauty do I question make,

That thou among the wastes of time must go,

Since sweets and beauties do themselves forsake

And die as fast as they see others grow;


And nothing'gainst Time's scythe can make defence

Save breed to brave him when he takes thee hence.


-----------XII   William Shakespeare's Sonnet.






Seven Deadly Sins: pride envy warth sloth avarice gluttony lust 

七大原罪: 驕傲 羨慕 憤怒 怠惰 貪婪 貪吃 性慾

四大悲劇:Hamlet Othello Macbeth King Lear

四個詩的主題: The brevity of time ; Poetic immortality; Love ;Friendship

詩的難讀之處:concise, imaginative, meaningful, highly referential

The Renaissance sprit:

In medieval theology man's relation to the world about him was  largely to a problem of adapting or avoiding the circumstances of earthly life in an effort to prepare his soul for a future life.

But the Renaissance man had caught from his glimpses of classical culture a vision of human life quite at odds with these attitudes. 

The Hellenistic sprit had taught him that the man, far from being a groveling worm, was a glorious creatire, capable of infinite individual development in the direction of perfection, and set in a world it washis not to despise but to interrogate, explore, and enjoy.   




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